Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Employment

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Employment February 09, 2020 suedhang/Cultura/Getty Images More in BPD Living With BPD Diagnosis Treatment Related Conditions Symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) at work can vary, including the different ways that these symptoms can affect your job performance and ability to fit in with your coworkers. If you have BPD, you may have had work experiences that upset you, the people who worked with you, or both. If so, do you know why those upsetting events happenedâ€"how your BPD symptoms may have played a role? We could talk at length about the different ways which specific aspects of BPD may affect you job performance, but an example can illustrate these much more effectively. Perhaps this example of one persons experience with BPD at work may help you understand your own work disappointments betterâ€"and help keep you from repeating them. As you read through this example, we will put some notes in italics for you to stop and contemplate whether you have experienced something similar. Dont worry if none of this fits with your experience, however, there is plenty to learn from this example for anyoneâ€"with or without BPD. Revolving-Door Work History In our case study example, a man named Bruce who lives with BPD has a history of job changes. Over and over, hes happy at first, then less and less happy, then angry, then goes to the next job. Each time this happens, hes at a loss to understand why. Heres a look at how this happens. As you read through his story, think about how you may have faced similar experiences both at work and at play. Thinking of your own experiences and any similarities may help you both find an underlying concern, as well as begin to visualize how you could have reacted differently. You may even want to grab a piece of paper and a pen and write down anything that sounds like your own experience. With these points noted you can then picture alone, or work with your therapist, on how to make the changes necessary to make your own ending a happy ending. The New  Jobâ€"From a Happy Start to an Angry End Bruce is always very excited when he begins a new job. He tells everyone he sees how fulfilling the work is, and for the first few weeks, he cannot say enough about how much he likes his boss and coworkers. He talks up the company and shares his dreams about moving into more and more responsible roles. (Take a quick moment to picture whether you have ever felt this way when starting a new job, or even a new relationship. Have you idealized other people in the beginning?) However, after only a short time, Bruce begins to feel that his boss is out to get him. He perceives every work request or direction as unfair criticism. He also becomes increasingly frustrated about working with his coworkers. He complains about what he sees as their lackluster efforts that no one else seems to notice or care about. (Again, take a moment to think about whether this same thing has happened to you. Have you started out with high expectations only to be disenchanted with those you had at first been impressed with?) By this time, its clear to Bruce that his supervisors and coworkers dont like him and are picking on him. Eventually, Bruce comes to believe that the people at the office are trying to find reasons to fire him, and he reacts in a rage. He yells and swears at his boss while complaining about how unfair the situation is and always has been. His angry outburst and disrespect toward his boss can only end one way: Bruce is let go to search for another new job. (Yet, again, have you experienced something like this? Have you slowly become more and more angry with a boss or coworker until you simply erupt in anger?) Symptoms of BPD in the Workplace In this example, Bruce demonstrates the following symptoms of BPD at work: Intense/Unstable Interpersonal RelationshipsBruce’s initial feelings towards his coworkers and boss are intense and idealized. He sees them as doing no wrong and as strong allies who like and support him. However, these feelings soon give way to negative, critical thoughts. Now Bruce sees nothing positive about the people he works with, instead, experiencing them as hostile backstabbers. The idealization phase eventually leads to devaluation. This devaluation may occur slowly over time, or more often, rapidly in response due to an overpowering sense of rejection (abandonment sensitivity.)??SplittingWhen Bruce’s perception changes from appreciation to devaluation, the shift from good to bad thoughts in total. Consumed by his anger, he is unable to recall that he ever felt differently. Splitting is a defense mechanism common in people with BPD.?? Instead of seeing another person as primarily good with a few bad traits, the shift to bad person is complete in an effort to avoid the p ossibility of rejection. Because the majority (likely all) of people have some bad traits mixed with the good, this shift often occurs in time no matter who the boss, coworkers, or friend, happens to be. If youre wondering if you ever experience splitting, think about whether you use these terms in regard to relationships: always, never, perfect, impossible, ruined, terrible, and awful. This kind of language often signifies that splitting has occurred. Sensitivity to RejectionBruce’s excessive sensitivity to what he experiences as rejection triggers thoughts that his boss and coworkers dont like him and are trying to get him fired. His attitude toward his work and colleagues spirals downward until, as before, hes let go. Was Bruce justified in the way he felt? What his boss and coworkers actually thought about him as he grew increasingly upset and angry cant be known. Its likely, however, that their actions toward Bruce had little to do with the negative way he perceived them. Living With Borderline Personality Disorder If you saw yourself in this example, you may be wondering how things could be different. In truth, there is a lot that you can do which can help you cope with the symptoms of BPD. Part of the process lies in beginning to recognize the patterns in your behavior. Recognizing these patterns wont necessarily change what you feel inside. You may still want to essentially run away and declare a boss awful if an action at work triggers your fear of abandonment. Yet you can learn new ways to react which can result in different endings. The first step is to find a therapist who you feel comfortable with. Just as with other relationships, finding a therapist can be challenging. Many people with BPD go through the same type of cycle mentioned above with a therapist, first idealizing the therapist and then if something triggers their sense of abandonment, begin to strongly dislike the therapist. Its important to consider this if you begin to have any negative feelings during your therapy. This is very worthwhile. Both short term and long term therapy have been found to improve the ability to work for people living with BPD. You may also wish to begin learning about how to avoid BPD triggers, and how to manage triggers when they occur. In addition to work in therapy, self-care for BPD is critical in coping with the disorder. Check out these coping skills for BPD which can help you whether at work or in your relationships.

Thursday, June 11, 2020

Learn How to Write a Thesis Statement That Adds Informative Value to Your Research Paper

How to Write a Thesis Statement for Academic Essays Writing an academic paper whether it is an essay, a research work or an article, it is necessary to start with describing the main aim and issue of the text writing an informative thesis statement. Normally, thesis consists of 1-2 sentences or a very short paragraph. However, this short piece of information adds great value to your work. A thesis statement allows your listener or your reader to decide what the whole text is about and how useful it can be for a reader. A catchy beginning and a wisely written thesis statement can attract a lot of attention to your work. However, even a greatly written article may stay unread because of a non-understandable thesis statement, which attracts nobody. Thesis Statement Examples How to Write a Thesis Statement For Your Academic Papers The first thing that you shall start with is thinking about your essay topic and realizing the most trending and important issues of the theme. Do you understand which problem your essay must solve? Can you list the questions that a reader will be able to answer after reading your essay? Is it clear for you how your research may be used in the future? If ‘yes’ is your answer then you have all chances to write a successfully-crafted thesis statement. If you still hesitate about answering questions, think about the issue more or read additional information. Sometimes, after thinking for a while you may feel that you need to change the topic or make it more narrow or more general. The best way of understanding how to write a thesis statement is to look through several examples of writing works that are similar to yours. Don’t stop after reading one or two variants only. Not all samples are equally good. The more persuasive essays you read, the better you understand how a proper thesis statement shall be written. You can also check examples that are highly evaluated by teachers of your college. Usually, it’s ok to ask some students, who have already passed the task successfully, for an advice. If you feel that you are simply stacked with the task, you can apply for help from writing services that are ready to create a writing paper from scratch. When you come up with a thesis statement check, it should serve certain aims: It should demonstrate your position If the topic itself is controversial or debatable let the thesis speak about your position. Don’t reveal too much information. Keep the thesis statement short and laconic, however, let your reader know what the text is about. It should stir reader’s interest A thesis is basically a question that you are going to answer lately in your essay. However, it’s better not to use a direct question but to write some intriguing and interesting facts that will cause interest of your audience. It should be connected with the main idea of the whole text If your topic is controversial and may apply to several aspects, don’t be in a hurry with writing a statement. It should coincide with the main idea of the text. In case you write it before your work is ready, you may need to rewrite it a couple of times. It’s more reasonable to write a thesis statement, when the body part of an essay is finished. It shall be focused and laconic Check if the thesis statement doesn’t contain data that is not connected to the main topic. Avoid using any additional facts that are not really important. It should be catchy Making your thesis clear and informative is the priority. However, it also should be catchy and shall attract the attention of your readers. Do you remember some tricks for making newspaper headings very appealing? You can use similar techniques for making your thesis more attractive too. However, you should remember that your creativity is limited by some academic frames. How to Write a Thesis Statement Using a Sample Now, when you know what a thesis statement is and which functions it has, it’s time to browse through some samples. You can easily find essays or research papers on the internet. Try to use a search engine or ask your teacher to advise you on an internet site with proper examples. Try to choose  research paper topics that are close to yours or have a similar structure. After seeing some bright examples you are more likely to find a great and inspiring idea for your own writing work. The temptation of copying someone’s talented writing can be too strong. However, don’t forget that academic works are usually checked for plagiarism with the help of internet-based programs that can easily reveal your cheating. Even if you have found a very interesting example don’t copy its structure, read more and soon you will have a bright combination of ideas for an excellent and unique thesis. How to Write a Thesis Statement With the Assistance Of Other People Sometimes it happens that you feel absolutely helpless with the task. It’s the right moment to apply for someone’s help. Who is the best assistant for the case: 1. Your teacher, professor or consultant If it’s allowed, ask your teacher for some help. Prepare a list of questions that may be helpful. You can also ask for an example,  help with formatting your paper or ask your teacher to comment on a thesis statement you wrote. Don’t wait that your teacher is going to help you otherwise than giving a clearer and deeper understanding of what your thesis statement should look. 2. Your friends or group mates You can also ask other students to help you. Some friends can help with developing a better understanding of how to fulfill your task. Keep in mind that other students have almost the same level of knowledge and experience as you do. It’s a very common situation when students understand the issue wrongly and pass their mistaken information to others. It’s good to ask your friends for an opinion; however, it’s always better to check the information using reliable sources. 3. Online writing services The most reliable and effective way of getting your papers written is applying to online services that specialize in writing academic works. The experts will not only give you a grounded consultation at any convenient time but will also create an excellent work regarding your requirements. Expert help may help to solve lots of your academic issues, including writing your thesis statement or editing it.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Essay about Stereotypes of the Genders - 675 Words

Bette Davis says, â€Å"When a man gives his opinion, hes a man. When a woman gives her opinion, shes a bitch.† There are so many stereotypes when it comes to women. Women are supposed to be behind the superior male. Women are supposed to be ladylike and gentle. The crazy thing is that when a woman goes outside of that typical stereotype; it is considered wrong and unjust. Men have stereotypes as well. They are meant to be macho and have the upper hand. They have to smell and act like the guys in the Old Spice commercials. But as it seems, we all have a certain role to attend to. According to Michael Kimmel, â€Å"gender refers to cultural definitions of masculinity and femininity – the meanings of maleness or femaleness† (Kimmel,†¦show more content†¦The witness’s reaction was exactly what I expected. Both said they were outraged by my actions, but they later calm down when I told them it was for a class paper. My mother, Gwen, said sh e was embarrassed before I sat down with her at dinner because of the way I dressed. She also said that she did not raise her daughter to be disrespectful to her and guests. She also said that the â€Å"dyke culture† is running the way I was raised. At the time of the violation, she claimed that she would never go out in public with me again and left dinner. On the other hand, my girlfriend, Nikki, was also mad at my actions. Since she is the butch and I am a fem; she could not understand the reason behind me dressing like a boy. She said I embarrassed her and my mother in public. Later on that day, I went to explain the reason behind my actions to my mother and she forgave me. It wasn’t so easy to convince my girlfriend that it was for a paper. Lastly, my reaction to the gender violation was that some people cannot accept change. I was also confused and hurt that the people close to me could not accept changes in people and their behavior. They completely shut me out for being different. I also felt that my actions and my choices should not affect people. Because I felt that my actions affected the people around me; I felt ashamed. The reason I was feeling that way was because I was taught that I should beShow MoreRelatedGender Stereotypes : Gender And Stereotypes Essay1973 Words   |  8 PagesGender stereotypes emerge across time and throughout different cultures and typically they are ascribed to individuals in order to conform to sociocultural ideas and biological norms (Johnston Diekman, 2015). This behaviour is often influenced upon individual s in the earliest stages of life when a infant is not yet capable of expressing his or her own preferences in terms of gender identity, leaving the young child s parents and other adults to choose for them (Pomerleau, et al., 1990).Read MoreGender, Stereotypes, And Stereotypes Essay1434 Words   |  6 Pagesgiven rules. We are taught that straying away from stereotypes is anything but good and encouraged to build our lives upon only these social rules. Recently, stereotypes based on genders have been put into the limelight and have become of high interest to a generation that is infamously known for deviating from the established way of life. Millennials have put gender roles under fire, deeming it a form of segregation and discrimination by gender. Researchers have followed suit. Mimicking millennialRead MoreStereotypes And Stereotypes Of Gender Stereotypes1588 Words   |  7 Pagestoday holds many stereotypes, and sometimes people will rebel against the stereotypes in order to embrace the individual and oppose social norms. However, some stereotypes are harder to rebel against than other. A stereotype that might be harder to break, eit her because the people who believe in that stereotype are too ignorant to look past it or because the people who need to rebel are not able to, is gender based stereotypes. One example of this type of stereotype is when gender roles appear inRead MoreStereotypes And Stereotypes Of Gender Stereotypes Essay939 Words   |  4 Pagesbetween which gender was more superior than the other. Males won the battle of the sexes and women had to fight hard for their freedom of equality and right to vote. Even though today women are no longer restricted, like they were once were, they are still unable to achieve their dreams. This is from the gender role-stereotypes. These stereotypes affect their everyday life, school work, and even career choices. Question are often asked about gender stereotypes like ‘Where did these stereotypes first originateRead MoreGender And Gender Stereotypes1150 Words   |  5 PagesGender stereotypes are fallacious claims that seem to be inevitable. Labels on individuals create many barriers for their progress in their everyday lives. Aside from assaults of all kinds and being demoted on a regular basis, women are treated unfairly and are seen in a dominant position for stereotypical matters. Jobs and hard work seem to be male dominated fields only. Though they do get pushed down in certain circumstances, it is not as nearly as much as women do. Gender discrimination influencesRead MoreGender Stereotypes1352 Words   |  6 Pagesname of Tyler. I am a walking victim of Gender Stereotyping. 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They are most typically portrayed asRead MoreGender Stereotypes1012 Words   |  5 PagesDevelopment of gender stereotypes in children at home and school There are a lot of parents and teachers who communicate gender stereotypes to children while they interact. We also see how parents interact with boys and girls differently based on their gender. For example, some parents want their children to know that anything with pink is for girls, and blue is for boys. They observe what their parents can do at home, how and in what level their parents communicate to each other, what kindRead MoreGender, Gender And Gender Stereotypes1582 Words   |  7 PagesThere are multiple examples and instances where the object of a joke has something to do with gender and gender stereotypes. These types of jokes seem to take center stage at any comedy performance or routine, and the audience loves it. Gender in association with humor brings up a great deal of questions. Do males and females see humor differently? Are there any similarities in the way the sexes view humor? And is there any truth to the thought that humans enjoy crass humor more than o ther typesRead MoreGender Stereotypes732 Words   |  3 Pagessingle-sex schools. UV published that boys who attended single-sex schools were twice as likely to pursue interests and careers in subjects such as art, music, drama and foreign languages. In this study, the boys studied were of comparable ability. Gender stereotypes are less constraining at single sex schools, allowing students to explore their strengths. (Novotney, 2011) Although this study is viable, I would disagree with the numbers, I don’t believe that they are twice as likely to pursue interests

Sunday, May 17, 2020

The Future Business Manager Of Del Co - 1495 Words

If I will be the future business manager of Del Co., I have a responsibility to uphold ethical standards in my own action and decision. Moreover, I have to fulfill this responsibility by making sure that employees are aware of the organization’s ethical code and have the opportunity to ask questions to clarify their understanding. Additionally, I am responsible for creating and implementing change to a company’s ethical codes. These changes will help the company â€Å"right the ship† after a slew of mishaps and missteps, by both upper management and entry level employees. Del Co. is the auto-part company in U.S., the headquarter is located in Los Angeles, California. Our business supplies tires, seatbelts, and glassware for car manufactures to place on their vehicles. We have 20,000 employees from nationwide. Nowadays, the company needs to change the business’s ethical direction and the organization culture after any unfortunate events are occurred. There are three ethics issues which affect the company reputation as follow, â€Å"slush account†, â€Å"sexual harassment†, and â€Å"pollution problem†. They are necessary to find the solution as soon as possible. First, looking into more details about slush account, one of our staff accountants discovered the slush account that had very large deposits and withdrawals approximately $200,000 that were not traced to qualified or detailed expenses. After investigating this case, we discovered that the funds from said account were being wired to anShow MoreRelatedDrivers For Autom otive Manufacturing Industry1631 Words   |  7 PagesDrivers for automotive manufacturing industry To secure and maintain the long term future of the automotive industry in terms of growing the share of the value chain and by getting ahead in the field of research and development (RD) on ultra-low emission vehicles. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How Racism Effects American Culture - 798 Words

How Racism Effects American Culture Lakia Williams ENG/147 02/06/2017 Dr. Leonid Chernyak Racism Effects American Racism is used as a weapon to caues harm, divied people of diffirent ethnic background. Today it still a and is something we ve all witnessed and deal with on a daily basis. Is it ok to discrimination agisnst interracial couples or friends? It is one of the most important social problems of the world. Racism is a weapon of racial profiling, law enforcement plays a big part of racial profiling someone becacuse the color of their skin. What comes to your mind when you hear or think the word racism? It continues to affected many diffirent people in a good and bad way, in all†¦show more content†¦Whites are often represented as the superior race. They often target African Americas without any sort of evidence, also use racial stereotypes to make out a suspects description. This gives a great deal of how dangerous living in a racist white community could be. Racism becomes the problem revolving around black male is killed by a group of white men or polices without consequence. Kids doesn t understand why they are treated differently and doesn t want to back down because of the color of ours skin. In Camilla, Georgia, a political pogrom in 1871 left over thirty dead; in Opelousas, Louisiana, as many as two hundred died in 1868; and in Colfax, Louisiana at least 105 blacks were killed in 1873, many of them by summary execution after they had surrendered to whites striving to deny them political rights. (Martin Sullivan, 2000, p. 627) This gives a great deal of how dangerous living in a racist white community could be. We have to keep a low profile in the white community as to not trigger any alarms that may cause an issue. Blacks were not equal to whites. White people made it clear that they thought they were above the black people and think they deserved better than black people. Racism still happens today it still exists in school, workforce, and social lives. Many races beside african americas aren t treated as equals. Historical research has shownShow MoreRelatedThe Bluest Eye By Toni Morrison1044 Words   |  5 PagesIn the novel The Bluest Eye, Toni Morrison confirms the existence of racism within the African American community. Unbelievably, many African Americans suffer from what is termed internalized racism. Internalized racism produces the same effect as racial racism: feelings of worthlessness, inferiority, and unattractiveness. In addition, the effect can produce the opposite feelings: superiority, hatred, and feelings of self-worth. Pecola, an 11-year-old black girl, desires to have the physical characteristicsRead MoreAfrican Americans During The 20th Century1667 Words   |  7 Pagesand the things one deals with. The experiences of African Americans in the 20th century have been similar, mostly experiencing lives filled with affliction. Rath er than their skin color, it was the hardships they faced that define what being an African American was all about. On a more specific level, what did it mean to be black in the United States? It meant several things: Firstly, it meant to be discriminated against and to face much racism. Secondly, it was inferred they were culturally inferiorRead MoreEssay on Discrimination Against Native Americans and Asians612 Words   |  3 PagesHow can counselors work to lessen the effects of racism and discrimination that have impacted Native Americans and Asian Americans? (1 Asian American parents believe in keeping many of their issue within the family which makes them reluctant to seek services. Because of this culture believe, Asian Americans utilize mental health services at a lower rate compared to other Americans (Sue, 1994). Socially sanctioned claims concerning Asian Americans social character or integrity helps to explainRead MoreRacial Profiling : A Cause And Effect926 Words   |  4 PagesA Cause Effect Analysis of Racial Stereotypes Racism and racial stereotypes have existed throughout human history. The radical belief associated by thinking the skin color, language, or a person’s nationality is the reason that someone is one way or another has become extremely detrimental to society. Throughout human existence it has sparked tension between groups of people and ultimately influenced wars and even caused slavery. Racism in America dates back to when Native Americans were oftenRead MoreRacism And Racism1199 Words   |  5 Pagesthere has always been accounts of racism with the most severe being against Black minorities. â€Å"Racism has been described as beliefs, attitudes, and individual and systemic approaches that degrade people based on the color of their skin,† (Graham Roemer, 2016, p. 369). These thoughts and attitudes have dated as far back as the 17th century where Whites heavily discriminate against Blacks because of the color of their skin. In history it has been stated by White American s that they are superior and BlackRead MoreOvercoming Racism And Barriers To Counseling African Americans.1347 Words   |  6 PagesOvercoming Racism and Barriers to Counseling African Americans Racism against African Americans and other ethnicities is still prevalent in our society. Salis (2015) mentions a recent poll of Caucasian and African Americans and found that sixty percent of those surveyed felt racial relationships ha vent improved and forty percent felt they were worse. In this paper, I will identify how a counselor can reduce the effects of racism and discrimination that has affected African Americans. AdditionallyRead MoreOvercoming Racism And Discrimination That Has Affected Asian And Native Americans1426 Words   |  6 PagesOvercoming Racism and Barriers to Counseling in Asian and Native Americans Both Asian Americans and Native Americans have faced oppression and discrimination for over two-hundred years (Hays and Erford, 2014). In this paper, I will identify how a counselor can reduce the effects of racism and discrimination that has affected Asian and Native Americans. Additionally, I will address what role a counselor plays in reducing the stigma of mental illness within both Asian and Native American’s communityRead MoreRacism And The Australian Human Rights Commission1626 Words   |  7 PagesRacism, wherever it occurs, has damaging effects. It can be defined as the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race (Oxford dictionary). 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The issue of race is a vice thatRead MoreEffects Of Jim Crow1510 Words   |  7 PagesEffects of Jim Crow Laws in America Jim Crow Laws were created in Southern States to promote a separate but equal idea within minority communities (The Jim Crow South). It gave a false perception that America was taking a step in the right direction towards racism. The truth was that it was masking segregation in America. In some aspects Jim Crow laws still exist today but instead of color, it is social status that is used. Jim Crow laws has greatly affected America by minimizing education benefits

Obesity Is A Health Risk - 1474 Words

Obesity is defined as a condition characterized by the accumulation of excess body fat, this abnormal or excessive fat accumulation may impair on one’s health, leading to a reduced life expectancy (Health Boosters, 2012). Obesity occurs when an individual’s energy intake exceeds their energy expenditure, the larger the imbalance the more rapid the weight gain (Medibank, 2010). For practical reasons, body weight has been used to indicate whether someone is overweight or obese, and is commonly calculated by Body Mass Index (BMI)(NSW Centre for Public Health Nutrition NSW Department of Health, 2007). BMI = (Weight (kg))/(ã€â€"Heithetã€â€"^2 (m^2 ) ) Obesity is a health risk and can lead to a range of medical conditions and complications (Medibank, 2010). An obese person has a higher possibility to suffer form many cardiovascular and musculoskeletal diseases and some cancers, e.g., type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, and pancreas cancer (Medibank, 2010). In addition, b eing overweight can hamper the ability to control or manage chronic disorders (Peeters and Backholer 2012). As the level of excess weight increases, so does the risk of developing these conditions (Aihw.gov.au, 2014). However, obesity has becoming a growing global health problem since more and more people tend to put on unnecessary pounds nowadays (Shah, 2010). Obesity has become the single biggest threat to public health in Australia today; it has overtaken smoking as the leading cause of premature death and illnessShow MoreRelatedThe Health Risks Of Obesity Essay1495 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Obesity is one of the most significant health concerns that both children and adults in the USA are facing today. It can be defined as a condition of having too much fat in the adipose tissue of the body to the extent that it impairs body health, and is different from overweight which implies having too much body weight. 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Self-Supervision and Plan Free Essays

string(49) " and developing a more therapeutic relationship\." Clinical mental health counselors diagnose, treat, and test psychological disorders as well as support and teach clients skills needed for positive behavior changes. According to the 2012 American Mental Health Counselors Association’s (AMHCA) code of ethics â€Å"Mental health counselors believe in the dignity and worth of the individual. They are committed to increasing knowledge of human behavior and understanding of themselves and others. We will write a custom essay sample on Self-Supervision and Plan or any similar topic only for you Order Now They use their skills only for purposes consistent with these values and do not knowingly permit their misuse by others. While demanding for themselves freedom of inquiry and community, mental health counselors accept the responsibility this freedom confers: competence, objectivity in the application of skills, and concern for the best interest of clients, colleagues, and society in general†. They promote clients well-being on multiple levels by providing prevention services and treatments for a wide range of clients in diverse settings (Gladding Newsome, 2010). According to the AMHCA, â€Å"mental health counselors have a primary obligation to safeguard information about individuals obtained in the course of practice, teaching, or research. Personal information is communicated to others only with the person’s written consent or in those circumstances where there is clear and imminent danger to the client, to others or to society. Disclosure of counseling information is restricted to what is necessary, relevant and verifiable†. Another role of mental health counselors would be to actively learn and promote as well as be sensitive to the different cultural, ethnic, and diverse backgrounds of their clients. Continuous education, research, and self-awareness are the competent counselor’s key to effective, safe, diverse, accepting, and empowering counseling treatment and career. With the growing diversity of the U. S. population, counselors are increasingly called on to make their services more widely available in racially and ethnically diverse localities. Ethnic and racial disparities in mental health are driven by social factors such as housing, education, and income (Vasquez, 2007). According to Vasquez, providing services to specific populations and building a niche practice can help a counselor remain competitive, gain new experiences and clients, and become recognized as an expert in working with particular populations. â€Å"Developing awareness of cultural values — such as reliance on family support systems, collective decision making, spirituality and respect for peers — is paramount in reaching out to diverse populations. The ability to understand and respect a prospective client’s belief system is crucial† (Vasquez, 2007). Cultural factors such as counselors’ gender and office environment (like artwork and furniture arrangement) may have a bearing on the demand for as well as the delivery of services. Counselor education faculty often urge students to celebrate diversity, but the average student is not equipped with knowledge of the components of the RESPECTFUL Counseling Cube (D’Andrea Daniels, 2001). These include religion and spirituality (R), economic class background (E), sexual identity (S), psychological maturity (P), ethnic and racial identity (E), chronological stage (C), trauma (T), family background (F), unique physical characteristics (U), and geographical location (L). Assessing the differing views of the above domains by diverse clients will affect the counseling process and can be used as a guide to accommodate culturally diverse clients. It is time for the counseling profession not only to recognize multicultural and diversity issues, but to develop systematic and practical approaches for helping counselors address and adapt counseling practices with culturally diverse clients (LeBeauf, Smaby Maddux, 2009). According to the American Mental Health Counseling Association (AMHCA), Clinical Mental Health Counselors who deliver clinical services must comply with state statutes and regulations governing the practice of clinical mental health counseling and adhere to all state laws governing the practice of clinical mental health counseling. In addition, they must also abide by all administrative rules, ethical standards, and other requirements of state clinical mental health counseling or other regulatory boards (AMHCA, 2012). Mental health counselors promote clients well-being on multiple levels by providing prevention services and treatments for a wide range of clients in diverse settings (Gladding Newsome, 2010). The profession of mental health counseling is continuously changing and evolving. Some of those changes are pleasantly welcomed, while others are not so much. Mental health counselors must stay updated, educated, and involved in all aspects of the profession in order to best serve their clients. State and national policies on mental health counseling are there to protect everyone involved. State policies are designed to regulate the professional practice of mental health counseling. This regulation serves to protect the consumer by ensuring that their rights and dignity are not violated (Ford, 2006). Licensing and credentialing are essential to the profession of mental health counseling (Gladding Newsome, 2010). Counselors must have the competencies to not only keep up with the constant change in public policies but to fight for the rights of their clients as well. Mental health counselors must possess a strong desire to help others as well as the ability to inspire confidence, trust, and respect. Wellness and self-care activities are essential to a counselor’s well-being and professional longevity. Knowledge of human behavior, social systems, self-awareness, diversity, and respect for human dignity are all required qualifications of a mental health counselor. Self-awareness is one of the most important qualities and behaviors of an effective counselor because it is a way to explore their personalities, value systems, beliefs, natural inclinations, and tendencies. To become self-aware is to become familiar with one’s worldviews and is often the first step for many in becoming self-improved through personal goal setting. Self-awareness is also empowering and therefore brings the counselor a better understanding of themselves and their clients. Morrisette (2002) describes how self-awareness impacts the counselor’s identity by helping them understand a myriad of situations from many different perspectives. This understanding enables them to seek out solutions with multiple approaches, and to understand and evaluate the consequences and outcomes of those approaches. Self-awareness is a critical component to the development and success of a counselor because it the key to ethical decision making in counseling (Remley Herlihy, 2010). A counselor that is self-aware not only understands their clients but also empathizes with them which in turn helps in building trust and developing a more therapeutic relationship. You read "Self-Supervision and Plan" in category "Papers" Clinical mental Health Counselors help clients work through a wide range of personal issues from career changes to relationship problems, anger management, depression, self-image, stress, parenting, addiction, and suicidal thoughts. They have many different roles and responsibilities that it is almost impossible to identify them all, but most importantly they are obligated to develop and maintain a safe, trusting, and comfortable relationship for their clients at all times in order for the therapy to work. The mission of the American Counseling Association is to enhance the quality of life in society by promoting the development of professional counselors, advancing the counseling profession, and using the profession and practice of counseling to promote respect for human dignity and diversity (ACA, 2005). I believe that my past experiences, diverse cultural background, and education will play a major role in my success as a mental health counselor. They have equipped me with the necessary tools to be an effective counselor. My familial experiences taught me to appreciate, respect, and love others. My cultural background taught me to never judge a book by its cover and to accept others for whom they are. My educational background in Medicine taught me how the human body works, and especially how genetics plays a major role on the development of the individual. As a future mental health counselor I would like to help those that have gone through or shared similar experiences as I have. My families’ refuge experience taught me immensely and shaped me into the person that I am today. Some of those life lessons are but not limited to: perseverance, patience, self-efficacy, acculturation, love, forgiveness, cultural diversity, advocacy, and respect for one’s self and others. I view my past hardships and challenges as tools that will guide me to fulfill what may possibly be my calling in life which is to counsel, educate, and empower those that went through similar situations as my family and I did. I would like to work in a private practice as a family therapist, or a refugee counselor, even for an advocacy group that would allow me to utilize my knowledge in the subject areas of refugee counseling, cultural/ethnic diversity, and immigrant counseling. As a refugee counselor I would not only focus on immigrants’ time in the United States, but also on their reasons for leaving their homeland, their experience of migration, their resources to function in unfamiliar environments, and the receptiveness of the new country (both politically and socially) to their presence. My diverse background, education, and personal experience will allow me to understand and relate to my clients on a deeper level. Sue Sue (2003) state that in order to be a culturally competent professional, one must first be aware of his or her own values and biases and how they may affect minorities. I believe that my personal life lessons have equipped me with the necessary tools to become an effective and culturally competent mental health counselor. The aim of counseling supervision should be supervision of the counselors own self supervision. As Confucius said, â€Å"Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach him to fish and you feed him for a hundred years† (O’Hanlon Wilk, 1987, p. 264). One of the most important qualities that I learned as a result of my family’s migratory experience would be that of self-confidence and self-efficacy. Fostering students’ confidence in their abilities to effectively work with the clients they intend to serve has been a longstanding goal of most counselor education programs (Bernard Goodyear, 2004; Hensley, Smith, Thompson, 2003). In general, those counselors who are more confident in their ability to use their clinical skills in real life settings often provide a higher quality of counseling services to the clients they serve (Barnes, 2004; Bradley Fiorini, 1999). One of the major approaches often used when investigating the process of gaining competence and self-confidence in particular domains of behavior has been self-efficacy theory (Bandura, 1989). Also called perceived ability, self-efficacy refers to the confidence people have in their abilities to successfully perform a particular task (Bandura, 1986). Counseling self-efficacy (CSE), according to Larson (1998), is best described as the beliefs or judgments an individual has about his or her capability to effectively counsel a client in the near future. It is an important factor related to the level of anxiety novice counselors experience as well as the amount of effort they put forth to learn advanced counseling behaviors (Larson, 1998). As a result, some counselor educators and researchers have suggested that increasing counseling trainees’ self-efficacy is a worthwhile training goal (Larson, 1998) and that examinations of this construct should be included in both the research and evaluation of counselor competency and training effectiveness (Yuen, Chan, Lau, Lam, Shek, 2004). Koob (1998) stated that â€Å"Therapist burnout and career changes, even after several years of being a therapist, can be traced back to ineffective supervision and that traditional models of supervision have been ineffective in promoting positive perceived self-efficacy in therapists in training. Therefore, the lack of self-efficacy greatly impacts the counselor’s effectiveness and competence levels. A supervision model that builds confidence and self-efficacy is needed for counselor success and career longevity. Such supervisory model would be the solution-focused which â€Å"emphasizes competence, strengths, and possibilities rather than deficits, weaknesses, and limitations† (Morrissette, 2002). Solution-focused supervision, in parallel with therapeutic practice, is about collaborating in a partnership  which pays attention to, and develops, the supervisee’s interests, best intentions, and goals for their work (De Shazer, 1988). Solution-focused supervision focuses on abilities, learning, and strengths that the therapist already has. It also allows the therapist to acknowledge what services work best with their clients such as their skills, abilities, and creative ideas. Another area of strength would be developing the supervisee’s preferred future or outcome and collaborating with the counselors and the clients regarding their work together where they focus on the goals and the solutions versus the problem. It also allows the counselors to take a ‘not-knowing’ position as well as uses scales to measure and develop progress while offering appropriate, evidenced compliments respectfully. On the other hand, solution-focused supervision requires the problem or challenge to be clearly identified in order for it to be successful; must present a problem in order to seek resolution. Identifying the problem sometimes may present challenges to the counselor‘s self-supervision model. This type of model allows the supervisees to evaluate themselves and identify and improve their own strengths and weaknesses which promote positive behavioral changes. Helping a refuge family of four adapt to their new surroundings is an example of solution focused supervision; guiding them through their acculturation process, where becoming competent of the family’s cultural beliefs, backgrounds, and worldviews through community resources and support groups. The counselor can research and educate themselves about all aspects of the client’s culture giving the counselor self-confidence to conduct effective counseling sessions. The Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) defines counselor supervision as: A form of instruction where by a supervisor monitors and evaluates an internship or practicum student’s performance and quality of service provided, facilitating associated learning and skill development experiences (CACREP, 2009). According to the American Psychological Association, supervision covers a vast and diverse collection of responsibilities, including but not limited to: monitoring, evaluating, instructing, advising, modeling, consulting, supporting, foster autonomy within the supervisee and a responsibility to the patient, profession, system and society. Supervision also addresses legal and ethical issues that may arise, thus further emphasizing the importance of effective training within the mental health profession (www. apa. org). It is necessary to improve client care, develop the professionalism of clinical personnel, and impart and maintain ethical standards in the field. The quality and focus of supervision may have a direct impact on counselor development, service delivery, and, most important, client care; and therefore should not be taken lightly. Supervision is a key component of counselor growth and ongoing development (Campbell, 2006) and impacts counselors’ attitudes, clinical style, and practice (Allen, Szollos, Williams, 1986; Magnuson, Norem Wilcoxon, 2002). The type of supervision can vary depending on various aspects such as the supervisee’s place of internship and work environment, client population, financial resource, and diversity of clients. What appeals to some supervisees may not appeal to others? Some may not feel comfortable using the solutions focused supervision model as much as I do. This model stresses growth through increasing one’s self efficacy and boosting self-confidence which are vital aspects for me as a future mental health counselor that aspires to work with immigrant and refugee youth self-efficacy is. Supervision of counselors has been described as an on-going, essential, mutually advantageous, and impossible task (Borders Brown, 2005; Bernard Goodyear, 2004; Zinkin, 1989). Counselor supervision has undergone a variety of transformations since its emergence, however, the main goal of supervision remained the same which is to help guide counselors provide a better service to their clients which promotes growth and positive way of living. How to cite Self-Supervision and Plan, Papers